Ars Metrica

Ripetizione, parallelismo e leixaprén: il testo e la musica

This es­say ex­am­ines the re­la­tion­ship among text, meter, and mu­sic in the Galician-Por­tuguese can­ti­gas, us­ing com­pos­i­tions that make ex­pli­cit ref­er­ence to dance forms as a point of de­par­ture. Sev­er­al find­ings point to the ex­ist­ence of the bail­ada genre in the Galician-Por­tuguese re­gion, though they are in­suf­fi­cient for de­fin­ing its pre­cise char­ac­ter­ist­ics. How­ever, the texts un­der study have cer­tain form­al traits in com­mon, such as a ba­sic aaB struc­ture, the pres­ence of a re­frán and their fre­quent use of re­pe­ti­tion. The second part of this es­say is ded­ic­ated to the role of mu­sic in the de­vel­op­ment of the re­pet­it­ive tech­niques char­ac­ter­ist­ic of the Galician-Por­tuguese school (par­al­lel­ism and leixaprén), as well as to com­pos­i­tions built on meters ana­log­ous to the Oc­cit­an bal­ada or the French rondel. The study con­cludes with an ex­am­in­a­tion of the re­la­tion­ship between rhythmic and melod­ic struc­ture in the Can­ti­gas de Santa Maria, which re­call the can­ti­gas de amigo from a form­al point of view and share af­fin­it­ies with “cho­reo­graph­ic” genres of con­tem­por­ary ro­mance-lan­guage song forms. Read more